Moroccan Culture Morocco Travels

My Moroccan Adventure- a photo essay

Every country has a word that can be used to describe it. For example, Spain is passionate, India is colourful and Morocco…it’s enchanting. Be it the glorious architecture, the mouthwatering tajines and couscous, the noisy souqs or the stunningly varied landscapes, Morocco offers plenty to keep one’s senses constantly enthralled. With so much diversity packed into a small country, snugly fitted on the western coast of Africa, its allure is seriously hard to resist. The only question that remains to be asked is: why the hell haven’t you been there yet?

Landscape

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Morocco offers stunning landscape to wander around. It has nice beaches too, but they were not a part of my itinerary. Clockwise from left: outside Ifrane;  sunset in Sahara desert; on the way to Merzouga; farming land near Volubilis; Skoura valley with date palm oasis; Tizi N’Tichka pass (highest motorable pass in Morocco)

Architecture

Mosques, madressas (Islamic schools), mausoleums

Mosques, madressa and mausoleums play an integral role in Morocco’s religious life and it is no wonder that Moroccans have traditionally invested a lot of effort in designing these spaces. The mosques range from very old and historic to very new; very grand to  very humble. Mosques usually stand on their own, although madressas and mausoleums can also feature a mosque within their compound. 

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Religion and architecture (clockwise from left): the famous Hassan II mosque, Casablanca; women’s section of mosque beside mausoleum of Mohammed V, Rabat; the inside of men’s section of a mosque at a highway restaurant; a village mosque; the famous Koutubia mosque, Marrakech
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Religion and architecture (clockwise from left): mausoleum of Moulay Ismail, Meknes; the famous Qarawayyin mosque, Fes; madressa in Chellah, Rabat; mausoleum of Mohammed V, Rabat; madressa Attarine, Fes; madressa Bou Inania, Meknes

Rural

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Rural-gram: Humble housing in villages. Houses are made of sun-hardened mud bricks, then additional mud is plastered over to increase durability.

Kasbah

Kasbah means either a fortified house or a village. Kasbahs are a reminder of Morocco’s rich history when different dynasties competed for power. The design of kasbahs placed more emphasis on practicality than aesthetics. Kasbahs provided protection against various adverse elements, such as an outside enemy, severe weather, and drought. 

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Kasbah living (clockwise from left): Kasbah Amridil (fortified house); Kasbah Amridil from inside; the oldest kasbah in Morocco; Ait Benhaddou (fortified village)- the site of filming of many movies such as Gladiator and Game of Thrones.
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Kasbah living: Kasbah Oudaia (fortified village), Rabat. 

The inside of this kasbah stores a very nice surprise once you walk in. The old, stoic exterior gives way to refreshingly chic interior and is a great example of Moroccan culture infused with European influence. These photos do not do justice to how beautiful a walk down the meandering lanes of this kasbah really is. 

Palaces

The Royal Palace of Fes, or Dar-el Makhzem, is a 17th century palace that is still used as the residence of the royal family when they are in the city. As a consequence, the palace is off limits to public. 

The word ‘bahia’ in Marrakech’s Bahia Palace means beautiful in Arabic. It was built by Morocco’s grand vizier Si Moussa in 1860s, although additional features were added by his slave (who later made himself the vizier) Abu Bou Ahmed.This final version of the palace was supposed to house Ahmed’s four wives and 24 concubines. 

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Palaces of Morocco (clockwise from left): Stunning brass door handle at the Royal Palace, Fes; Royal Palace in Fes (entry is not permitted inside); brass gate in full glory; Bahia Palace, Marrakech; ornate detailing on Bahia Palace’s exterior
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Bahia Palace, Marrakech
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Bahia Palace, Marrakech. Clockwise second photo from left: Riad, or courtyard, of the palace. A ‘riad’also means garden, greenery, or richness in Arabic and Saudi Arabia’s capital ‘Riyadh’ takes its name from this particular term.

Funduqs (Caravanserais)

A funduq was another type of ancient building frequently found in Morocco. It was used as a commercial as well as a residential property by merchants visiting a city. The bottom floor functioned as a store whereas the upper floors were reserved as residential quarters.

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The Nejjarine Complex (Funduq), Fes
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The Nejjarine Complex (Funduq), Fes

Throughout Morocco, the most stunning and unique examples of buildings I came across were from the Marinid dynasty. The Marinids were a Berber dynasty that ruled from 12th to 14th century in Morocco. Their buildings are distinguished with elaborate carvings in plaster, zellij (tilework) and generous use of cedar wood. The amalgamation results in a resplendent form of architecture that is unlike anything I have ever witnessed. 

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Madressa Bou Inania, Meknes
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Carvings in plaster are utilised lavishly, not just in Marinid architecture but even in buildings proceeding that period. 
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Exquisite cedar wood carving
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Madressa Al-Attarine, Fes
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4 Comments

  1. Awesome photos 🙂 I hope to go one day!

  2. Kristy says:

    Amazing! What was your favorite must do places and things?

    1. Hey Kristy!
      For architecture, I loved Hasan II mosque (Casablanca), the madressas (Meknes and Fes) and Bahia Palace (Marrakech)
      For shopping/ souqs, it was Fes and Marrakech
      But the highlight of my trip was no doubt walking through the villages and staying with a family for a couple of days. Just observing their simple lifestyle and partaking in it wherever possible- it was an experience I’d never had before! Trying to converse with them, spending time with them in the kitchen, their cowsheds etc. Their world is so far removed from what we are used to- they really make you believe that less is more 🙂 . I took a group tour with Intrepid, so it was easier for me to access rural Morocco that way.
      Kasbah Oudaia in Rabat and Volubilis (old ruined Roman city between Fes and Meknes- UNESCO heritage site) offer and different side of Morocco to see 🙂

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